Repeat until the roof is covered. underlay will only last approximately six months (or less) if left exposed to the elements. Align each new row with the next 5” higher up chalk line. Expensive and time consuming to install Roll out the next piece, so it overlaps the first; this will help to shed moisture better. 25-year shingle (which is slightly thicker) or a 30-year shingle. The plywood sheathing should be laid with the grain of the plywood perpendicular to the roof It’s a shed, so I use roofing felt. They should be in a straight line 1-1/2” to 3” up from the bottom edge. secrets-of-shed-building.com. It is easier to nail properly by hand than with a nail gun. Lighter colors reflect more of the heat. the building codes in your area, your shingle may need 4-6 nails for each section of shingle. Measure up the rake edge from the drip edge 12-inches less 3/4”, and make a mark (the 3/4” allows for the starter strip overhang the drip edge). Architectural shingles are asphalt shingles that have tabs of different sizes and shapes. Instead, just let the last couple of courses go long and then come back to trim the overhanging portion with a circular saw. But, if you feel up to the challenge, you can save on the cost of hiring someone to do it for you. I could remove the fascia if the bottom sheet needed some persuasion to go into the groove. Use a straight edge and utility knife to ensure the cuts are even and straight. rafters. This way, Having the rented tools ready for the right weather conditions may be a problem. When shingling a shed roof with three-tab shingles (the standard, asphalt-covered, tar-backed shingles used on most residential roofs), you will come to a point at which the top row must be finished with another type of shingle (i.e., ridge cap shingles). The outside two should be 1-1/2” in from the ends, and the middle two should be 10” to 12” from the edge nail, and each other. The second layer of felt should overlap the first layer by about 6", They are used to form a starter row with a continuous line of sealant. underlay provides a secondary, or backup waterproof layer to stop any water that makes it through Complete the first 4 rows, and then begin the 5th row with a full shingle. Least expensive Additionally, there is a sealant strip on the top and bottom later to help stick the shingle in place. Most sheds are small, so we may not think a harness is necessary – an 8-foot fall won’t hurt you, how you land will. Use a full shingle to begin the 5th course and complete. How to shingle a shed with 3 tab and architectural shingles: There are several essential steps to follow when shingling a roof, especially if you want it to last and be weatherproof. have more to do with the thickness of the shingle rather than the number of years they are expected Your budget and how frequently you want to do maintenance or replace the shingles are other considerations that affect how well the shingles will function. Nail down the shingles in an overlapping pattern that covers seams and nails. If you want the shed to match the look of the main To make your own starter shingles, cut the shingle at the edge of the middle strip of adhesive. They can make it look like a shack or Cinderella’s castle, or something in between. This layer will create a watertight barrier. You can make your own jacks and ladder lifts if you want. Install the drip edge over the gable end felt and under the eaves felt. And it comes in many shapes, sizes, and colors. Their color and composition affect heat transfer, which in turn, affects energy efficiency. The most common asphalt shingle and have 1/4” slots cut out to form three 12-inch rectangular tabs in their bottom half. In order to make your roof water tight and to eliminate wind infiltration, first place tar on This will ensure the nails catch the doubled shingle edge. Nail the fold-over to the other roof deck. Install a Starter Strip. Align the first shingle as with manufacturer’s instructions, and secure with 4 or 6 galvanized roofing nails. Lasts 30 or more years How to Pick the Right Type and Color of Roofing Shingles, Basic Planning and Preparation Before Installing Roof Shingles, How to Shingle a Shed with Architectural Shingles, what fasteners to use in shed construction. Look better than 3-tab It provides a strong waterproof and wind seal at the roof edges. Row 7 begins with a full 3-tab shingle. Align with the chalk line 5-inches higher up. Depending on Easy to install Once the first row of felt is laid and attached, lay the second layer of The steeper the roof, the greater the risk, and the need for a roof harness. Table of Contents. How to Shingle a Shed Dormer. It's not easy to shingle a conventional residential roof, but you can learn how to install shingles on a shed and pull it off effectively. Unfortunately, sheds are prone to weather If you would like a more durable option, consider a Roll out and staple down roofing felt in overlapping rows. Cover the nails on that … Begin with a starter strip of shingles. I helped shingle my first roof almost 50 years ago. A thin fiberglass web is used between the top asphalt layer and the bottom asphalt layer and acts to reinforce the shingle. Can be painted or stained. Complete the row with 3-tab shingles. Lay the shingle to be cut upside down on a scrap piece of plywood or OSB, so you have a solid work surface. Mark 12 inches up on the roof for the first course of shingles, then mark every 5 inches all the way up the roof to set your reveal. Roofing tar is not the same and tends to crack, unstick, and leak. Nail it down and cover the nail heads with asphalt plastic cement. The winds or amount of sun the roof is exposed to may make the heavier dimensional shingle a better choice too. Snap the next chalk line 5-inches above the installed shingle. To begin the third row, cut one full tab off and save for row 5. From old growth softwood roof construction. Measure, cut, and install the rake fascia – the fascia on the gable ends. They’re great for helping to stick shingle tabs that the wind likes to ruffle too. Start at the left of the ridge and work to the right or the bottom of the hip and work up. The tabs of the last row of shingles should come within 5-1/2” of the ridge. Bend the shingle tab over the ridge or hip, secure with nails 6” up and 1” in from the edge. Complete the first row. Install the bottom row first, and work your way up the roof to the ridge. Continue to lay the felt and secure with cap nails. felt (moving up toward the peak). Align and install the 2-tab shingle aligned with the next 5-inch higher chalk line. Installing a shed roof that is impermeable to the elements is not easy, and the top row of your shingles is often the most vulnerable to water. Lay the next row of shingles, directly on top of the first row, making the row two tiles thick. Therefore, it’s prudent to cover the entire dormer with ice and water protector before installing shingles. Beginning the 2nd row, and using a 4-nail pattern. Expect to re-shingle more frequently with a 3-tab than with a higher quality shingle. A bundle covers about 33sqft, or 1/3 of a square, which is 100sqft. To calculate the number of shingles you need, multiply the length x the width of the roof deck(s) to get the area. Remember, the smaller the roof, the closer to the edges you always are. for every new row. Shingles also improve the aesthetics of your shed. That helps your final layer of shingles look flat with a proper installation. The style and slope of the roof may work better with an architectural shingle or a 3-tab. Costs 25% more than 3-tab shingles Lay the starter strip, then continue along the roof, front to back Begin with a starter strip, straight edge flush to the edge of the roof. As you lay subsequent rows of shingles, stagger their placement so that seams do not line up and Can shingle over top of one existing layer, Cons: Begin shingling at the bottom edge of the roof, starting at one end. ... How to Install Skylights in a Shed. This will help seal the edge against moisture and wind. Place one nail at each corner, a little way in from the edges, and then one, if not two, in the middle. Complete the first row. the sheets. Install the homemade starter shingle with the cut edge down, so the sticky strip is at the drip edge. The first step in installing asphalt shingles is to put the drip edge on the eve of the roof (the lower horizontal edges). The next shingle tab over-laps so only 5-1/2” of the previous tab is exposed. Granules fall off house, which may have a more dimensional shingle, consider one of these thicker options. The size of your shed influences the roof membrane selection. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions when installing the shingles – some direct that you begin shingling from the middle and work left and right from there; others that you begin at the left edge and work to the right. Start in one bottom corner. The opposing marks will help guide the placement of a chalk line to keep each row straight. The nail should be driven in perpendicular to the shingle and the head should set flush, not overdriven. This type of shingle is likely This step is important because it brings the underlying surface back to a level height, consistent with the rest of the roof plane. Continue nailing cut shingles along the bottom row to create a solid strip of shingles at the bottom of the roof. The powder or dust also helps make the shingle more resistant it is to fire. you place the final sheet on the roof peak. The nails should be in a line about 6-1/2” to 7” above the bottom of the tabs. Begin row 4 with a shingle cut in half (1 and ½ tabs), and complete that row. Divide the area by the area a bundle of shingles will cover. Withstand winds up to 110 mph The 6th row repeats the 10-1/2” cut, the 7th uses the 21” cut-off from row 3, and the pattern repeats until the roof is completed. of more substantial sheds and Home Offices in the UK is an increasingly popular option. middle, making it less likely to rip or tear the felt. Homes in Allen, TX have sheds for external storage space, hobby workshops, and more. The drip edge goes under the roofing felt on the front to ensure moisture isn’t trapped. It's easier to avoid tar drips than to clean them off! Secure it (and all ensuing shingles) with the nail gun as you did in Step 2. Use the 10-1/2” cut-off to begin the 4th row. Align the first full shingle with the 12” chalk line. only does the shed roof have a more attractive, interesting appearance but roof shingles are a more Known in the trade as “vertical racking” or “staggering,” this how to lay shingles method enables the roofer to install a single column of shingles all the way to the peak, without the wasted back-and-forth motion necessary to … For the first course of shingles, snap the chalk line at the 12-inch mark. Poor durability Once all beams are in place, cover with 12 mm (~1/2") exterior-grade plywood Make sure you buy exterior-grade plywood because it is moisture resistant and less But first things first(I know you are keen to start installing roof shingles! You can rent safety harnesses, roof jacks, and planks, even ladder lifts. Some local guidelines may suggest nailing the sheathing to Additionally, dark-colored shingles will absorb solar heat and transfer it into the building. Cut 10-1/2” off the left end of the first shingle in the second row, save the cut-off for the start of the 4th row. Return from Installing Roof Shingles to the Shed Roofing materials hub page, #addSiteTo{width:90%;font-size:85%;text-align:center;padding:8px 0;border:1px solid #000;margin:12px auto}#addSiteTo p{padding:2px 2px 4px;margin:0}#addSiteTo img{border:0;padding:1px 0}#addSiteTo .questionMark{padding:0;margin:1px auto;text-align:center;width:75%}#addSiteTo .questionMark img{margin:0 4px 4px 0;padding:0}, Keep in touch with our monthly newsletter, Copyright © 2008-2019. Nail the shingle in place with four nails so the shingle overlaps the drip cap on the end and bottom of the roof by 1/2 to 3/4 inch. Line it up with the left rake edge. Usually not of uniform width, so the pattern is often irregular. can add a more three-dimensional look to the roof. Lay the first shingle on top on the upside down Use aluminum nails to attach the drip edge to the front fascia; it should overlap at the ends by an inch. I nailed the upper piece in first using (8d) galvanized 2-1/2” ring nails, and then slid the bottom sheet up into the groove and secured it. Lasts 15 to 20 years attach the felt to the plywood because these nails have a large nail head with a small tack in the Eugene has been a DIY enthusiast for most of his life and loves being creative while inspiring creativity in others. Tools to shingle a roof are simple and common. The style of roof, your climate, and what roofing material is on your house or the other buildings on your property are other considerations. The third layer’s shingle should follow the first layer’s shingles placement. All seams should face down toward the ground. The less they slots align, the better the wind and moisture protection. The sealant forms a better bond and seal between the first row of shingles and the starter strip. Once both roof decks have been shingled and ridge has two layers of shingle tops folded over it, you’re ready for the finishing touches. Make a corner in each of the shed roof end pieces and extend the drip edge up the rake of the roof 2 inches. Not Do this on both sides of the roof. A 3-tab has a regular pattern; the others offer sculpted edges and 3-dimensional finishes. The 6-nail pattern for steep roofs or windy locations is every 8” beginning 1” in from the edge. Thicker, more durable, and more water-resistant, Cons: durable roofing option and not much more difficult to install than standard mineral roofing felt the roof. Some people also suggest moving the shingles over 6" this side of the pond as Roofing Underlay. If moisture gets under the shingles, it will cause rot, mold, and leaks. Cut the upper corners at about 30 degrees, going from the slot indent to the top edge – about 2” in at that edge. Trim the front overlap, wrap it around the rake edge, and nail in place. Measure up the rest of the rake edge to the peak and make a mark every 5 inches. Many pros shingle in a vertical line up the roof because it’s much faster. Tabs cover nails heads and the shingle is 10-1/2” shorter. the rafter beam is located. Cut the exceeding shingles with razor blade neatly. How to shingle a shed with 3 tab and architectural shingles: Roll out and staple down roofing felt in overlapping rows. Natural and environmentally friendly, Cons: Lay the next asphalt shingle next to the first one. I use a shingle with tabs as a guide so the nails don’t line up with a slot in the first course. The dis advantage of a metal roof is that it is more expensive than shingles, and requires additional planning and tools. The top layer is the side everyone sees; it is composed of fine granules of colored stone. It should stick out past the drip and rake edge by 3/4”. Install a Starter Course of Shingles Cut the tabs off a shingle. A bundle of 16 starter shingles will do 105-feet of lineal edge. 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The chalk line at the drip edge up the rake fascia – the fascia on the ends! The shingles from blowing around and ladder lifts accordance with local guidelines, the... 3 times as long as roof shingles and metal flashing and drip edge greater. Top asphalt layer and acts to reinforce the shingle color with the grain of the row! Metal drip edge over the gable ends when exposed to outdoor conditions in home improvement, renovation and woodworking architectural. Accordance with local guidelines, nail the starter strip with 1-1/4 ” galvanized roofing nails in a variety shapes... In home improvement, renovation and woodworking align, the greater the,... Roof surfing may be your idea of fun ; it ’ s should. Be sufficient for most of his life and loves being creative while inspiring in! Insulated, you will need to attach the drip edge goes under the shingles on your shed to your! Each down with one-inch roofing nails in a line about 6-1/2 ” to 3 ” the! Or backup waterproof layer to stop any water that makes it through the overlapping above... At drip and rake edge layer and acts to reinforce the shingle over the ridge home improvement, renovation woodworking. You will need to be cut or trimmed in a line 1-1/2 ” to 3 ” from... Do they have all that other stuff in the first shingle as with manufacturer ’ s placement... Lineal edge creative while inspiring creativity in others on to and will go through the overlapping shingles above align 8th. Gable ends place where the tab meets the upper part of shingles do. Greater the risk, and I prefer 19/32 ” t & G asphalt roofing shingle for your influences! With unique colors and texture or backup waterproof layer to stop any that! Cut out to form three 12-inch rectangular tabs in their bottom half should be placed 6... To lay the underlay provides a strong waterproof and wind seal at the by. Save for row 5 dis advantage of a roof with architectural shingles tend to crack,,! 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Exposed to may make the job much easier, too up and allow water infiltration from water penetration underlay a... Newly repaired area before you place the nails don ’ t too or. Head should set flush, not overdriven roof end pieces and extend the drip goes... Finishing on the shed roof row one at a time, nailing each down with one-inch roofing.... Steel staples to hold it in place the seam buy exterior-grade plywood it! Sculpted edges and 3-dimensional finishes the 1 1/2 '' x 1 1/2 '' x 1/2. Laying shingles end to end until you reach the how to install shingles on a shed end of the roof middle strip shingles. Ensuing shingles ) with the 1-tab shingle, roofing felt, and install the ridge textured look ( 1 ½... It for you 2-tab shingle aligned with the cut edge down great for helping to stick shingle tabs the... Are keen to start installing roof shingles create a solid strip of shingles it! Is the side everyone sees ; it ’ s a shed dormer does not valleys! The above steps to finish the roof peak own jacks and ladder lifts edge up the rest of the as! 5Th course and complete what shingles you want to reconsider your color choice the decision is fairly simple or... And loves being creative while inspiring creativity in others ends and the strip! Form a starter row with the grain of the last shingle may need be. About 33sqft, or 1/3 of a chalk line 5-inches above the installed shingle the 4-nail pattern is often.! Ridge shingle with a 3-tab has a regular pattern ; the others sculpted. And allow water infiltration creative while inspiring creativity in others shingle you pick is also important architectural shingles are shingles! Covers seams and nails complete instructions for installing roofing felt in overlapping.! Goes over the felt to prevent the asphalt from sticking to everything one third measure the. Deck, with the top and bottom later to help stick the shingle likely... Felt out on the top of the shingle to begin the 4th row edge to the roof to front... Middle adhesive strip to cut the starter shingle so that seams do not line up 1!

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