King Louis XVI was the last king of France— and he was pretty terrible at it. The French Revolution of 1789 saw the overthrow of the King Louis XVI, and a Republic put in its place based on the ideals of ‘liberté, égalité, fraternité’ (the French for liberty, equality and brotherhood).This ground-breaking event shocked nations across the world. Louis was to be hidden in a house in the rue de Cléry belonging to the Count of Marsan. After receiving the priest's blessing, he went to meet Antoine Joseph Santerre, Commander of the Guard. Legacy . Not-so-surprisingly, this didn’t exactly work out in his favor. Louis XVI was executed in January 1793, and Marie Antoinette was executed by the guillotine on October 16 of that year. Answer Save. Facing execution, Louis XVI responded as dignified and resigned. Yet, ignoring the voices of his citizens is likely what cost him his life. Louis XVI had previous communication with Austria and other foreign nations— which were potentially counterrevolutionary in nature. He assembled the States-General, which represented the three tiers of citizens in society: the nobles, the clergy, and the commons. However, in 1792 Austria and Prussia invaded hoping to intervene on behalf of Louis XVI. By Staff writer. But by the time that the French Revolution was in full swing, it was too late to make a decision—all he could do was accept his consequences, or run. He was charged with treason due to his attempt to flee the country, which was viewed as him abandoning his country. The Execution of King Louis XVI. Why is it that when Louis XVI was executed other European monarchies attempted to suppress the French revolution but when Charles I was executed, 2 centuries prior at that, England was left to its own devices? The crypt altar stands above the exact spot where the remains of the Royal couple were originally laid to rest. 21 January 1793. and pushed back the man holding the rope. Poor Louis XVI had to face up to plenty of other crimes he’d both consciously and accidentally involved himself in. But they were deemed as tyrants and a threat to the republic, yet executing them only managed to turn most of europe against the new republic. Louis was found guilty of treason and executed at the guillotine on 21 January 1793. One of them, Damoureau, stated in evidence: Arriving at the cemetery, I called for silence. The story spread widely and the phrase remains in use today to indicate the triumph of reason and logic over "religious superstition".[5]. After donning the crown, things only got worse. The execution of Louis XVI by guillotine, a major event of the French Revolution, took place on 21 January 1793 at the Place de la Révolution ("Revolution Square", formerly Place Louis XV, and renamed Place de la Concorde in 1795) in Paris. Long years of war had drained the financial resources of France. Picture of Louis XVI's Execution French Revolution Posters. (b) How complete was Napoleon’s power over France by 1804? There were different reasons for Louis’s downfall: social, economic, political conditions. Whatever can be said of Louis XVI's performance during his reign and the early parts of the French Revolution, there can be no doubt he died bravely and like a king. At a trial on 17 January 1793, the National Convention had convicted the king of high treason in a near-unanimous vote; while no one voted "not guilty", several deputies abstained. 1 decade ago . Regards . During the reign of Louis XVI France suffered from constant economic troubles; the country was always in debt because of the present (Louis XVI and his family) and previous royal family’s frequent spending on war and luxuries, … Continue reading "Asses Why Was Louis XVI Executed in 1793" How did the French citizens who witnessed the king's execution react? On their way out of France, they were caught by citizens in Varennes and carted back to good old Paris. Can you guess which he chose to do? So, timid little Louis XVI was forced out to the guillotine on January 21st, 1793, and executed by his people. Louis XVI, king of France, arrived in the wrong historical place at the wrong time and soon found himself overwhelmed by events beyond his control. On January, 21, 1793 King Louis XVI was guillotined, after being tried for treason and being proven guilty. Louis XVI was executed in 1793 for a number of reasons, one of the most significant and most immediate being the party in power: in 1793, the governing power was the National Convention, powered by the Jacobins, who demanded for Louis XVI’s execution. A popular but apocryphal legend holds that as soon as the guillotine fell, an anonymous Freemason leaped on the scaffolding, plunged his hand into the blood, splashed drips of it onto the crown, and shouted, "Jacques de Molay, tu es vengé!" Lv 7. … Execution of Louis XVI Soon, the representatives of the National Convention moved to put Louis XVI on trial. At the word 'Sire', which he had not heard for so long, Louis XVI winced, and at the same moment his confessor had addressed a few words to him from the carriage,[3] said 'So be it, then, that too, my God!' The reasons behind the execution were the following: Upon his accession , Louis XVI found an empty treasury. On January, 21, 1793 King Louis XVI was guillotined, after being tried for treason and being proven guilty. January 1793: Louis XVI is executed Watch the French Revolution - The execution of Louis XVI documentary and respond to the questions below. The … You guessed it—Louis XVI decided to flee. Add your answer and earn points. Professor of Modern History David Andress talks Dan through the French Revolution: the causes, the context, its … His royal seal was to go to the Dauphin and his wedding ring to the Queen. Now, in fairness, Louis XVI had pretty clearly tried to flee Paris in order to organize a counter-revolution. Father Edgeworth had reminded the King that on Good Friday Jesus had offered his hands to be tied. Other questions on the subject: History ... Why did reagan have the united stars invade grenada... the answer is c.i hope this ....Read More. In the neighbourhood of the present-day rue de Cléry, the Baron de Batz, a supporter of the Royal family who had financed the flight to Varennes, had summoned 300 Royalists to enable the King's escape. It was then that my father approached and said, in the most respectful tone of voice imaginable, 'With a handkerchief, Sire'. The executioner's men cut his hair, removed his shirt's collar, and followed him up the scaffold. Often viewed as a turning point in both French and European history, Louis' death inspired various reactions around the world. (usually translated as, "Jacques de Molay, thou art avenged"). Narration by Dr. Nicholas B. Breyfogle. The ruling Convention, however, was full of lawyers who decided that the ex-monarch must be put on trial. The government took away his titles, calling him Citizen Louis Capet, taking the surname from Hugh Capet, an early French king. Added to the misery , was the cost of maintaining an extravagant court at the immense palace of Versailles. In his letter, published along with its French mistakes in the Thermomètre of Thursday, 21 February 1793, Sanson emphasises that the King "bore all this with a composure and a firmness which has surprised us all. The timid king inherited a financially broken country, yet his weak efforts to manage France’s economic issues led his citizens to turn on him. This account of French King Louis XVI's execution is from 'London Packet or New Lloyd's Evening Post', Wednesday, January 23, 1793. Edgeworth, Louis' Irish confessor, wrote in his memoirs: The path leading to the scaffold was extremely rough and difficult to pass; the King was obliged to lean on my arm, and from the slowness with which he proceeded, I feared for a moment that his courage might fail; but what was my astonishment, when arrived at the last step, I felt that he suddenly let go my arm, and I saw him cross with a firm foot the breadth of the whole scaffold; silence, by his look alone, fifteen or twenty drums that were placed opposite to me; and in a voice so loud, that it must have been heard at the Pont Tournant, I heard him pronounce distinctly these memorable words: "I die innocent of all the crimes laid to my charge; I Pardon those who have occasioned my death; and I pray to God that the blood you are going to shed may never be visited on France. He was executed using the guillotine on the 21st January 1973. Louis XVI (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793) ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1774 until 1791, and then as King of the French from 1791 to 1792. Much, much worse. She was particularly disappointing to her brother, the Holy Roman Emperor, for her … On January 21, he walked steadfastly to the guillotine and was executed. ", but his associates had been denounced and only a few had been able to turn up. Furthermore, Louis XVI was not the only member of the first estate to be executed. According to one witness report, the blade did not sever his neck but instead cut through the back of his skull and into his jaw. Sanson grabbed his severed head out of the receptacle into which it fell and exhibited it to the cheering crowd. 25 … Louis was then tried by the National Convention (self-instituted as a tribunal for the occasion), found guilty of high treason, and executed by guillotine on 21 January 1793, as a desacralized French citizen under the name of Citizen Louis Capet, in reference to Hugh Capet, the founder of the Capetian dynasty – which the revolutionaries interpreted as Louis' surname. The role Marie Antoinette played in French governmental affairs, both domestic and foreign, was likely greatly exaggerated. We chanted Vespers and the service for the dead. Louis XVI (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793) was the King of France from 1774 until 1792, when the monarchy was abolished during the French Revolution.His overthrow and execution ended a monarchy that was over 1,000 years old, although he was not the last French king.. Louis came from the House of Bourbon.He became the king at the age of 20, after the death of his grandfather Louis XV. he cried, 'never!' [1] Some accounts state that members of the crowd rushed towards the scaffold with handkerchiefs to dip them in his blood to keep as souvenirs. Suspended and arrested following an abortive attempt to flee from the radical agitation of revolutionary Paris in 1792, he was tried by the National Convention, found guilty of treason, and executed on 21 January 1793. By the time that the revolution started, it was too late for Louis XVI to clean up the messes he’d walked through. For the deputies to the National Convention, now regicides, there could be no turning back. The reasons behind the execution were the following: Upon his accession, Louis XVI found an empty treasury. At the foot of the scaffold we decided to tie his hands, but less because we feared that he might defend himself than because we thought he might by an involuntary movement spoil his execution or make it more painful. The flight to Varennes was significant because it showed the French people how weak and powerless their king was, which was a contributing factor as to why Louis was later executed. The situation was already bad before Louis XVI began his reign, but situation got worse. Should King Louis XVI be executed? It was clothed in a white vest and grey silk breeches with matching stockings. A few weeks later the monarchy in France was abolished and Louis XVI was executed in 1793. On the other, royalists wanted him to defend the divine right of kings and queens until his dying breath. Louis had been trying to organize an uprising, that's treason, he should be executed. Written by Dr. Elizabeth Bond. The account of Sanson states: Arriving at the foot of the guillotine, Louis XVI looked for a moment at the instruments of his execution and asked Sanson why the drums had stopped beating. There were three main reasons that help asses why King Louis XVI was executed in 1793; the Jacobins gained more power, Austria and Prussia threatened to attack France, and the Vendee revolt. In pursuance of an executive order, the body lying in its open coffin was thrown onto a bed of quicklime at the bottom of the pit and covered by one of earth, the whole being firmly and thoroughly tamped down. … The National convention struggles with the command of the French army which is slowly … It was enough to try him with treason. 'Never!' So, why was he getting the gang back together? These three qualities led to his … Marie Antoinette and sister of Louis XVI, Madame Elizabeth were also charged by treason and inciting … the answer is c.i hope this .... 1 more answers. King Louis XVI executed 21-January One day after being convicted of conspiracy with foreign powers and sentenced to death by the French National Convention, King Louis XVI is executed by guillotine in the Place de la Revolution in Paris. "Now then, you were saying you wanted something, Monsieur Dumas?" ", Henri Sanson was appointed Executioner of Paris from April 1793, and would later execute Marie Antoinette. I remained strongly convinced that he derived this firmness from the principles of the religion by which he seemed penetrated and persuaded as no other man.". Unfortunately, Louis XVI didn’t seem to consider the consequences that his decision would have on his citizens. Legacy . [citation needed]. "[2], The 13 February issue of the Thermomètre du jour ('Daily Thermometer'), a moderate Republican newspaper, described the King as shouting "I am lost! While Louis XVI was widely hated by his death, he didn’t seem to realize how to fix his screwed up country— until it was far, far too late. The chaos that followed would usher in war, Napoleon’s Empire, and a new age of European and world history. Relevance. At 7 o'clock he confided his last wishes to the priest. Louis 16th was executed on January 21st, 1793 by means of guillotine about one year after being found guilty by a majority vote in the National Convention. How did this problem impact how revolutionary leaders began to treat suspected traitors within France? Louis XVI was executed, officially, because of treason; he had been accused of betraying the French nation to the Austrians. Narration by Dr. Nicholas B. Breyfogle. Louis XVI was the last king of France (1774–92) in the line of Bourbon monarchs preceding the French Revolution of 1789. On one hand, the citizens wanted him to surrender his power and serve as a symbol of a healthy, constitutional monarch. According to another account, it took two times to slice off his head from his neck (due to the fact the king was fat in weight), and he screamed out of pain before the second time successfully decapitated him. How much worse can it get? Was Louis XVI a good king? Truth be told, Louis XVI wanted to play a passive role as king…yet he came into power at a time too tumultuous to pull it off. She was charged with aiding the enemy and inciting civil war. Louis XVI was executed on January 21, 1793 while Marie Antoinette was executed on October 16, 1793. Nine months after Louis' death, his wife Marie Antoinette, herself the former queen of France met her own death at the guillotine at the same location in Paris. Also reasons such as the Age of Enlightenment when some philosophers had new … He acknowledged it, yet he didn’t seem willing to do much about the issue fueling it. History, 22.06.2019, aubreyfoster. I just want to know why he was executed and how? It was 10:22 am. The monarchy was abolished on September 21, 1792; later Louis and his queen consort, Marie-Antoinette, were guillotined on charges of counterrevolution. Louis XVI was executed, officially, because of treason; he had been accused of betraying the French nation to the Austrians. He wanted to try to raise taxes to pay off French’s debt from the American War of Independence. Why Was Louis XVI Executed? His execution … His decision didn’t exactly fly with the commons, who were butthurt over Louis XVI’s weak efforts to patch up their issues. read more. The execution of Louis XVI by guillotine, a major event of the French Revolution, took place on 21 January 1793 at the Place de la Révolution ("Revolution Square", formerly Place Louis XV, and renamed Place de la Concorde in 1795) in Paris. The carriage left the Temple at approximately 9 o'clock. Louis XVI was executed in 1793 for a number of reasons, one of the most significant and most immediate being the party in power: in 1793, the governing power was the National Convention, powered by the Jacobins, who demanded for Louis XVI’s execution. It didn’t take much evidence for the majority of the National Convention to find him guilty and convict him to death. The trial and execution of Louis XVI The trial of Louis XVI before the National Convention In December 1792, the National Convention placed the deposed Louis XVI on trial. The chapel narrowly escaped destruction on politico-ideological grounds during the violently anti-clerical period at the beginning of the 20th century. Louis XVI was executed, officially, because of treason; he had been accused of betraying the French nation to the Austrians. Unfortunately, their vacation to Marie’s homeland didn’t exactly pan out. No one wants to be in charge of starting a revolution in which the people turn against them. Upon the platform, Louis proclaimed his innocence to the crowd and expressed his concern for the future of France. Execution of Louis XVI. Laws to deport the refractory clergy, to bar the… I don't think so, Louis XVI was a moron but I don't think he deserved to be executed. Louis XVI (born Louis-Auguste; August 23, 1754–January 21, 1793) was the French king whose reign collapsed because of the French Revolution.His failure to grasp the situation and to compromise, coupled with his requests for foreign intervention, were factors that led to his execution by guillotine and the creation of the new republic. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, Frederick Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, François Alexandre Frédéric, duc de la Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau, Alexandre-Théodore-Victor, comte de Lameth, Louis Michel le Peletier de Saint-Fargeau, List of people associated with the French Revolution, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Execution_of_Louis_XVI&oldid=992376860, French people executed by guillotine during the French Revolution, Articles needing additional references from October 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 23:09. How and why was King Louis 16 executed on 26 Jan 1 See answer renu8 is waiting for your help. Charles-Henri Sanson responded to the story by offering his own version of events in a letter dated 20 February 1793. Considering that he’d never run a country before, he was vastly underprepared to cope with the country’s disastrous economy. But Louis XVI wasn’t immediately jarred by the start of the revolution. Louis' death emboldened revolutionaries within France, who would continue to alter the country's political and social structure radically over the next several years. Others (even some who had supported major political reform) condemned the execution as an act of senseless bloodshed and saw it as a sign that France had devolved into a state of violent, amoral chaos. He was put on trial by the National Convention, found guilty of treason, and executed by guillotine on 21 January 1793. "Oh, I can tell you that, Monsieur, I was there." How much truth is there in the story of the wrestling bout between him and your father's assistants at the foot of the scaffold?" While he may not have started the financial crisis, he sure didn’t make any efforts to end it. Anonymous. Two curates who had sworn fealty to the Revolution held a short memorial service at the church. The body of Louis XVI was immediately transported to the old Church of the Madeleine (demolished in 1799), since the legislation in force forbade burial of his remains beside those of his father, the Dauphin Louis de France, at Sens. He was judged as ineffective, controlled, unintelligent leader. King Louis XVI of France and his wife Marie Antoinette were executed by the guillotine. The area where Louis XVI and later (16 October 1793) Marie Antoinette were buried, in the churchyard of St. Mary Magdaleine's, is today the "Square Louis XVI" greenspace, containing the classically self-effacing Expiatory Chapel completed in 1826 during the reign of Louis's youngest brother Charles X. There, Louis XVI’s hand was forced into signing the constitution of 1791, which punted him to the curb as a leader and reduced his role to a figurehead. On Father Edgeworth's advice, Louis avoided a last farewell scene with his family. Added to the misery, was the cost of maintaining an extravagant court at the immense palace of Versailles. What was the purpose of henry essex edgeworth writing about the execution of louis xvi? Three of them were killed, but de Batz managed to escape. He had been accused of instigating the invasion of France by the other monarchies of Europe like Austria in order to destroy the Revolution and regain his power. The other three assistants, believing that a struggle was imminent, dashed forward. He was the only king of France to be executed. of Unfortunate Events – The Trial and Execution of Louis XVI Why was Louis XVI overthrown in August 1792? Portrait of Louis XVI, King of France and Navarre, c. 1779. Share 4. In Le nouveau Paris, Mercier describes the execution of Louis XVI in these words: ... is this really the same man that I see being jostled by four assistant executioners, forcibly undressed, his voice drowned out by the drums, trussed to a plank, still struggling, and receiving the heavy blade so badly that the cut does not go through his neck, but through the back of his head and his jaw, horribly? 1 decade ago. Louis XVI (Louis-Auguste; French pronunciation: ; 23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793) was the last king of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution.He was referred to as Citizen Louis Capet during the four months just before he was executed by guillotine.In 1765, upon the death of his father, Louis, Dauphin of France, he became the new Dauphin. Picture of Louis XVI's Execution French Revolution Posters . Ultimately, they condemned him to death by a simple majority. The execution of Louis XVI by guillotine, a major event of the French Revolution, took place on 21 January 1793 at the Place de la Révolution ("Revolution Square", formerly Place Louis XV, and renamed Place de la Concorde in 1795) in Paris. In the end, there was a revolution in France and a vast amount changes to the society and the government of France. His failure to successfully address serious fiscal problems would dog … The execution was performed four days later by Charles-Henri Sanson, then High Executioner of the First French Republic and previously royal executioner under Louis. Vive la République!" This kicked off the French Revolution. Share 0. So, the guy’s power is gone, he’s publicly humiliated, and everyone hates him. On hearing these unexpected words, at the unexpected sight of that rope, Louis XVI made an involuntary gesture of repulsion. On 21 January 1815 Louis XVI and his wife's remains were re-buried in the Basilica of Saint-Denis where in 1816 his brother, King Louis XVIII, had a funerary monument erected by Edme Gaulle. As he was strapped down, he exclaimed "My people, I die innocent!" The executioners numbered four; two only performed the execution; the third stayed at the foot of the ladder, and the fourth was on the wagon which was to convey the King's body to the Madeleine Cemetery and which was waiting a few feet from the scaffold. In 1774, poor Louis took over the French throne from his grandfather, King Louis XV, who left him to clean up a tremendous economic crisis. Marie Antoinette was executed nine months later. The world is not a perfect democracy, especially not 220 years ago, and so what we perceive as democratic ends would not have been necessarily appropriate or realistic. In September 1792, the new National Convention abolished the monarchy and declared France a republic. "I know, that's why it is you I'm asking." Louis XVI was executed by the radical French republicans because he tried to flee the country in order to escape the revolution and begin a... See full answer below. Ascending the throne in 1774, Louis inherited a realm driven nearly bankrupt through the opulence of his predecessors Louis XIV and XV. Louis XVI himself was executed and killed; while France was established as a democratic country. King Louis XVI didn’t exactly rise to power in a perfect throne. Example Responses AICE Free Response Questions France, 1789–1804 (a) Why was Louis XVI executed in 1793? Why was Louis XVI executed and how? Written by Dr. Elizabeth Bond. The night before the execution Louis’ family, his wife Marie Antoinette, his daughter … What were the issues which divided republicans over his fate? During the reign of Louis XVI France suffered from constant economic troubles; the country was always in debt because of the present (Louis XVI and his family) and previous royal family’s frequent spending on war and luxuries, … Continue reading "Asses Why Was Louis XVI Executed in 1793" Yikes, right? Speaking to Victor Hugo in 1840, a man called Leboucher, who had arrived in Paris from Bourges in December 1792 and was present at the execution of Louis XVI, recalled vividly: Here are some unknown details. That is the explanation of the moment of confusion interpreted after their fashion by the historians. Execution of Louis XVI; Credit – Wikipedia. The execution of Louis XVI by guillotine, a major event of the French Revolution, took place on 21 January 1793 at the Place de la Révolution ("Revolution Square", formerly Place Louis XV, and renamed Place de la Concorde in 1795) in Paris. Why was louis XVI executed? ", citing as its source the executioner, Charles-Henri Sanson. 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