Soon after the end of the war in 1453, the dynastic struggles of the Wars of the Roses (c. 1455–1485) began, involving the rival dynasties of the House of Lancaster and House of York. Princess Joan, one of the Kings daughters, was killed by the Black Death1356: Battle of Poitiers, The reign of King Richard II (grandson of Edward III, son of the Black Prince)1380: Chaucer begins to write The Canterbury Tales1381: Peasants Revolt in England. On the 16th June 1483 he was joined by his brother Prince Richard. The equivalent of the prime minister in the Kingdom of the Franks was called the mayor of the palace or major-domo. 1453. Now much of the land would fall into confusion as local kings and rulers tried to grab power.  In particular the reigns of the Angevin kings Charles Robert (1308–42) and his son Louis the Great (1342–82) were marked by success. Timeline of Events in the Middle Ages180 The death of Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius marks the end of the "Pax Romana," or Roman peace. A timeline listing the important events during Early Middle Ages (475-1000) Allmand (1998), p. 15; Cantor, pp.  In an extremely unusual event for the Middle Ages, Hunyadi's son, Matthias, was elected as King of Hungary by the nobility. Around 1300, centuries of prosperity and growth in Europe came to a halt.  In addition, financial institutions, such as the Hanseatic League and the Fugger family, held great power, on both economic and political levels.. It was in Valois France, under the heavy demands of the Hundred Years' War, that the armed forces gradually assumed a permanent nature. The crowning work of the period was the Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence, with Giotto's clock tower, Ghiberti's baptistery gates, and Brunelleschi's cathedral dome of unprecedented proportions. A larger number of plays survive from France and Germany in this period and some type of religious dramas were performed in nearly every European country in the Late Middle Ages. Middle Ages Themes Other themes, Period of European history between 1250 and 1500 AD. , The introduction of gunpowder affected the conduct of war significantly. , In northern European countries Gothic architecture remained the norm, and the gothic cathedral was further elaborated. 771–4; Mango, p. 248. Most historians define the Middle Ages as a historical period from 500 AD to 1450 AD. Middle Ages.  Yet in spite of the extensive territories held by the Habsburgs, the Empire itself remained fragmented, and much real power and influence lay with the individual principalities. Allmand (1998), p. 377; Koenigsberger, p. 332. Teutonic Order , King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary (1458–1490) was one of the most prominent figures of the period, directing campaigns to the West, conquering Bohemia in answer to the Pope's call for help against the Hussite Protestants. , Martin Luther, a German monk, started the German Reformation by posting 95 theses on the castle church of Wittenberg on October 31, 1517. The accession and coronation of Henry II took place on the same day. "; It is often considered to begin in 1300, though some scholars look at the mid- to late-fifteenth century as the beginning of the end. The Early Middle Ages: 476-999; The High Middle Ages: 1000-1299; The Late Middle Ages: 1300-1499; The Reformation: 1500-1599; The Puritans: 1600-1699; The Great Awakening: 1700-1799; The 2nd Great Awakening: 1800-1899; The Modern Period: 1900-Present Bulgaria  It was through the use of cannons as siege weapons that major change was brought about; the new methods would eventually change the architectural structure of fortifications.  In Italy, where the Provençal troubadours had also found refuge, the corresponding period goes under the name of trecento, and the leading composers were Giovanni da Cascia, Jacopo da Bologna and Francesco Landini. For full treatment, see Europe, history of: The Middle Ages. Late Middle Ages TimelineThe Middle Ages encompass one of the most exciting and bloodthirsty periods in English and European History.  Once properly managed, this weapon gave them a great advantage over the French in the Hundred Years' War. 499–500; Koenigsberger, p. 331. , The limits of Christian Europe were still being defined in the 14th and 15th centuries. It also allowed dramatists to turn to secular subjects and the reviving interest in Greek and Roman theatre provided them with the perfect opportunity.. Curtius, p. 26; Jones, p. 258; Koenigsberger, p. 368. 1300-1500).The primary powers of the later Middle Ages were the Holy Roman Empire, France, and England.Paris was the cultural and scholarly heart of the period.. As a result, there was developmental continuity between the ancient age (via classical antiquity) and the modern age. They were believed to have been murdered and are referred to as the Little Princes in the Tower, The reign of King Richard III (uncle of Edward V)June 25 1483: Parliament declared the two little princes illegitimate and, as next in line to the throne, their uncle and Protector, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, was declared the true King. Louis did not leave a son as heir after his death in 1382. Richard II and many of his family and household were forced to shelter in the Tower while over 10,000 rebels plundered and burned London for two days.1382: The Bible is translated into English by John Wycliffe1399: John of Gaunt died and King Richard seized his lands. Achaia For the first time, a member of an aristocratic family (and not from a royal family) was crowned. 35–6; Ozment, p. 165.  The victory did not end Tartar rule in the region, however, and its immediate beneficiary was the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which extended its influence eastwards. , The increasingly dominant position of the Ottoman Empire in the eastern Mediterranean presented an impediment to trade for the Christian nations of the west, who in turn started looking for alternatives. Source for information on Timeline of Events in the Middle Ages: Middle Ages Reference Library dictionary. Late Middle Ages Timeline ( 1307 - 1485 ) Timeline Key Dates: Late Middle Ages Timeline of Key events. The Late Middle Ages followed the High Middle Ages and preceded the onset of the early modern era (and, in much of Europe, the Renaissance ). The Peasant's Revolt was instigated by a new poll tax and peasants marched on London led by Wat Tyler and John Bull.  Attempts by landowners to forcibly reduce wages, such as the English 1351 Statute of Laborers, were doomed to fail. 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