On October 16, 1854, an obscure lawyer and Congressional hopeful from the state of Illinois named Abraham Lincoln delivers a speech regarding the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which Congress had passed five months earlier. She was born on the same day as the famous earthquake of Lisbon. The family was imprisoned in the Temple on August 13, 1792, and moved to the Conciergerie on August 1, 1793. Marie Antoinette's Execution in 1793 at the Place de la Revolution by Unknown Trial and Execution Over the next few years, the government of France was in turmoil. After a life of extreme extravagance at the Palace of Versailles, she was publicly executed by guillotine on the Place de la Concorde in Paris. Louis XVI was executed on January 21, 1793. The role Marie Antoinette played in French governmental affairs, both domestic and foreign, was likely greatly exaggerated. The Death Of Marie Antoinette. In 1793, Marie Antoinette was beheaded, and many people often wonder why this act took place. Kissinger accepted, but Tho declined the award until such time as “peace is truly established.” ...read more. It is located within the premises of the main Courthouse of Paris, next to the Revolutionary Tribunal. Sanson, the executioner, showing Marie Antoinette’s head to the people, 16 October 1793. Her lavish spending, furthermore, did not significantly contribute to France's economic troubles before the revolution. Two years later, the attempted escape of the royal couple from Paris was stopped at Varennes on October 21, 1791. All Rights Reserved. She was charged with aiding the enemy and inciting civil war. By most accounts, she was a devoted mother. At 12:15 on Wednesday 16 October 1793, Marie Antoinette was executed. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Approximately 60,000 ...read more, On October 16, 1987, in an event that had viewers around the world glued to their televisions, 18-month-old Jessica McClure is rescued after being trapped for 58 hours in an abandoned water well in Midland, Texas. Marie Antoinette was executed on October 16, 1793. [citation needed] Leboucher. She is a former faculty member of the Humanist Institute. Louis XVI was executed in January 1793, and Marie Antoinette was executed by the guillotine on October 16 of that year. The studio, now known as the Walt Disney Company, has had an oversized impact on the entertainment industry and is now one of the largest media companies in the ...read more, A stampede of soccer fans before a World Cup qualifying match in Guatemala City kills 84 people and seriously injures more than 100 on October 16, 1996. As with most royal daughters, Marie Antoinette was promised in marriage in order to build a diplomatic alliance between her birth family and the family of her husband. The royal family had been compelled to leave Versailles in 1789 and live in captivity in Paris. Marie Antoinette was publicly executed by guillotine for treason in Paris, France, on 16 October 1793, months after the death of her husband. Speaking to Victor Hugo in 1840, a man called Leboucher, who had arrived in Paris from Bourges in December 1792 and was present at the execution of Louis XVI, recalled vividly: Here are some unknown details. She was reviled by the French public for her lavish spending. She acquitted herself well; her spirited denials that she had never abused her son met approval in the court, although she had no hope of being acquitted in such a biased trial. Nine months after the execution of her husband, the former King Louis XVI of France, Marie Antoinette follows him to the guillotine. From birth, she lived the life of wealthy royalty, educated by private tutors in music and languages. After the Bastille was stormed on July 14, 1789, the queen urged the king to resist the Assembly's reforms, making her even more unpopular and leading to the unproven attribution to her of the remark, "Qu'ils mangent de la brioche! Her name has become significant with careless expenses and contempt for the poor, as well as an extravagant lifestyle in Versailles. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. This failed escape was reportedly planned by Marie Antoinette. She hoped for foreign intervention to end the revolution and free the royal family. On October 16, 1923, Walt Disney and his brother Roy found the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio in Hollywood, California. After the trial, he was proven to be guilty and was sentenced to death by execution. Louis XVI was executed in January 1793, and Marie Antoinette was executed by the guillotine on October 16 of that year. However, she went on to spend more than two months living in squalor before her trial and eventual execution for treason on 16 October 1793. He was allowed to spend a few short hours with his family until his execution before a crowd of 20,000. The Guatemala national team was set to face off against Costa Rica on a Wednesday night in Guatemala City. Then, the following August, Marie-Antoinette is transferred, alone, without her children or sister-in-law Madame Elisabeth, to the jail of La Conciergerie. The incident was one of the deadliest ...read more, The People’s Republic of China joins the rank of nations with atomic bomb capability, after a successful nuclear test on October 16, 1964. Marie Antoinette (born Maria Antonia Josepha Joanna von Österreich-Lothringen; November 2, 1755–October 16, 1793) was the queen of France, executed by guillotine during the French Revolution. In one episode, she allegedly responded to news that the French peasantry had no bread to eat by callously replying, “Let them eat cake.” The increasing revolutionary uproar convinced the king and queen to attempt an escape to Austria in 1791, but they were captured by revolutionary forces and carried back to Paris. China is the fifth member of this exclusive club, joining the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain and France. We had a beautiful dream, and that was all. The hole was overgrown with vegetation and guarded by vines and branches. She was a political moderate, a supporter of the National Assembly and the Girondins, but an opponent of violence and radicalism. Marie Antoinette, meanwhile, was still in limbo. La Conciergerie. Below is the ultimate list with interesting facts about Marie Antoinette. U.S. officials were ...read more, Abolitionist John Brown leads a small group on a raid against a federal armory in Harpers Ferry, Virginia (now West Virginia), in an attempt to start an armed revolt of enslaved people and destroy the institution of slavery. Marie Antoinette was also sentenced to death and was executed by Guillotine on the same year. When was Marie Antoinette executed? When was King Louis XVI killed? Was the disease-riddled little boy who died in 1795 after years alone in a prison cell really the son of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette? 37. How Marie Antoinette's Legacy Was Sullied By Vicious Songs About Her Death. Queen Marie Antoinette of France was born Archduchess Maria Antonia of Austria, Princess of Hungary and Bohemia in 1755. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. In his speech, the future president denounced the act and outlined ...read more, Oscar Wilde is born on October 16, 1854 in Dublin, Ireland. In this scandal, she was accused of having an affair with a cardinal in order to obtain a costly diamond necklace. We aren’t 100% sure why Marie Antoinette had this thing, other than she thought it was neat. Her sister Maria Carolina was married to Ferdinand IV, King of Naples, for similar reasons. Maria Antonia’s mother was the powerful Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria and Queen of Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia in her own right. When queen of France Marie Antoinette was indicted in August 1793, months after the execution of her husband Louis XVI during the French Revolution, she asked that she would not "suffer long". Born in Connecticut in 1800 and raised in Ohio, Brown ...read more, On October 16, 1958, Chevrolet begins to sell a car-truck hybrid that it calls the El Camino. The charges against her were more an attack on her person than her politics; the headlines that had filled the libelles were presented as fact. It took Marie Antoinette and Louis seven years to consummate their marriage, and the story ends with her head chopped off. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Marie Antoinette and the French Revolution, Biography of Marie-Antoinette, French Queen Consort, The Quote That Cost Queen Marie Antoinette Her Head, The Many Roles of Women in the French Revolution. Author: maureen. 17. When was Marie Antoinette's first daughter freed from prison? She was particularly disappointing to her brother, the Holy Roman Emperor, for her inability to further Austrian interests in France. Marie Antoinette (born Maria Antonia Josepha Joanna von Österreich-Lothringen; November 2, 1755–October 16, 1793) was an Austrian noble and French Queen Consort whose position as a hate figure for much of France helped contribute to the events of the French Revolution, during which she was executed. Her head was exhibited to a cheering crowd. After her mother died in 1780, she became more extravagant, which led to growing resentment. Marie Therese. Until her death, she supported the monarchy against reforms and against the French Revolution. The question has intrigued historians for 200 years. After an initial slow start at the expected role of child-bearer—her husband apparently had to be coached in his role in this—Marie Antoinette gave birth to her first child, a daughter, in 1778, and sons in 1781 and 1785. The family made several attempts to escape, but all failed. So let's give Marie Antoinette a little credit where we can: It was pretty darn brave of her to meet the crowd of snooty courtiers, dress half-done, on her wedding day. Her youngest son Louis-Charles, later died of tuberculosis and malnutrition during the revolution. The daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor Francis I, she married Louis in 1770 to strengthen the French-Austrian alliance. Sounds more pleasant than the … 1795. Louis is executed on the 21st of January 1793. Marie Antoinette is beheaded Nine months after the execution of her husband, the former King Louis XVI of France, Marie Antoinette follows him to the guillotine. Imprisoned with the king, Marie Antoinette continued to plot. Just a year later, Marie was convicted and issued the same punishment. The 1785–1786 Affair of the Diamond Necklace further discredited her and reflected poorly on the monarchy. Jone Johnson Lewis is a women's history writer who has been involved with the women's movement since the late 1960s. The phrase was actually first seen in print in Jean-Jacques Rousseau's "The Confessions," written before Marie Antoinette was queen. Brontë was born in 1816, ...read more, George Jo Hennard drives his truck through a window in Luby’s Cafeteria in Killeen, Texas, and then opens fire on a lunch crowd of over 100 people, killing 23 and injuring 20 more. January, 1793. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Marie Antoinette was welcomed in France at first. Marie Antoinette (born in 1755 and executed in 1793), was the queen of France, married to King Louis XVI who was overthrowned and executed during the French Revolution. The French were also suspicious of her ties to Austria and her influence on King Louis XVI in attempting to foster policies friendly to Austria. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Marie Antoinette also kept her own damp cave, I mean, private grotto on palace grounds. Marie Antoinette was born in Austria, the 15th of 16 children born to Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Austrian Empress Maria Theresa. The drama unfolded on the morning of October 14, 1987, when ...read more, At Nuremberg, Germany, 10 high-ranking Nazi officials are executed by hanging for their crimes against humanity, crimes against peace, and war crimes during World War II. Marie Antoinette, formerly welcomed, became vilified for her spending habits and her opposition to reforms. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Marie Antoinette taken to her execution in 1793 by an unknown artist | Courtesy of Etsy Two and a half months before her execution, at two in the morning, the Queen along with her daughter and sister-in-law were suddenly awakened and informed that the Queen was to … How old was Marie Antoinette's first daughter when she was freed? Her charisma and lightness contrasted with the withdrawn and uninspiring personality of her husband. Born in Estonia in 1893, Rosenberg studied architecture at the University of Moscow. Why Marie Antoinette was Sent to Prison. Before we answer the question of why was Marie Antoinette beheaded, let’s take a quick look at who this woman was and what events could have possibly lead up to the beheading of a once Queen of France. In October 1789, the royal couple was forced to move from Versailles to Paris.